Alexander LUFER
   
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Theory of art

I think, that the PICTURE (a still-life, a landscape, a genre, a portrait) can be written on one of four basic languages which, by present(true) time I think completely generated:
Academical:
- Academism - The language based on difficult system of canons, the best achievements of activity of many generations developed in the course of selection.
Characteristic features:
- presence of difficult system of restrictions and the internal formulated rules having an axiomatic force of the laws;
- aspiration to create the ideal, classical scheme, creative search;
- the directed concentration of the saved up traditional skills, on "the problem" decision.
Synthetical:
- Synthetism - The language combining some of high-grade systems of rules and laws.
Characteristic features:
- presence of the "internal" (old) and "external" (new) signs shown in complete synthetic system;
- aspiration to use a spontaneous or external impulse for creation of more expressive or exact decision of "problem".
Spontaneous:
- Spontanism - The language giving the greatest freedom of development to a spontaneous creative impulse.
Characteristic features:
- absence of intention to create new and open declaring of a complete separation with old tradition;
- aspiration to refusal, of any "external" and "internal" restrictions;
- primacy of spontaneous action over "problem" or its full absence.
Photographic:
- Photographism - The language using means, as independent intermediary between spontaneous and academic.
Characteristic features:
- giving to the car of function of the participant of the creative process, capable to create, both spontaneous, and traditional schemes;
- aspiration to create "objective" and "absolutely identical", "hyperrealistic" reflexion;
- open use of the newest technical achievements for "the problem" decision.

Probably precise borders between these methods of painting to lead(carry out) it is impossible, and the picture can be written in several languages or the artist to work from a picture to a picture on miscellaneous, BUT such division will help though somehow to understand full chaos of names and definitions of directions and styles of the modern fine arts. It's necessity to explain that these LANGUAGES has appeared(! Not styles and not directions!) are located in the closed circle and Photographism it is closed with Academism I shall be repeated there are BOUNDARY pictures and artists speaking on TWO or more LANGUAGES.

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Art work Copyright 2007, Alexandr Lufer